Cockroaches are a nuisance for most homeowners around the country. These bugs are incredibly resilient, with their species’ surviving for millions of years without much evolution. They reproduce quickly and are hard to kill. They can nestle into hidden spots and create large nests without the homeowner even being aware that they are there. Most species of domestic cockroaches have lived with humans since caveman days, and have specifically evolved to live and thrive in human dwellings. This includes German, American, Oriental, and Brown Banded cockroaches. Read on to learn about each type.
Most Common Roaches in Buildings and Urban Areas
Cockroaches are often a worrisome pest in multiple-family homes, buildings, and other populated and crowded areas. The particular types of roaches found in urban places require a human presence to find food, shelter, and water. People living in buildings must take care to do what they can to prevent roaches, as they travel from apartment to apartment looking for just the right settings to start a nest. Look out for:
- German Cockroaches - These are the most common roaches found in homes across the United States. They measure 13-16mm long, so they are fairly small. They are brownish-yellowish and are distinguishable by the two stripes located on its head, or pronotum, in scientific terms. Being the most common type of roach, they are often found in crowded building areas, where they can move their nests as necessary looking for sources of food. Their commonality also means that they have developed resistance towards most types of store-bought insecticide. They can be a prominent problem for apartment dwellers or building owners, who often have to take on the responsibility of providing an exterminator to make sure that tenants are in a liveable situation.
- Brown-Banded Cockroach - You can spot these critters by their small size and their distinctive color pattern. Brown-banded cockroaches only grow to about 13mm, so they’re one of the smallest species of cockroach. They’re reddish-brown in coloring, and you’re more likely to find them on the higher floors of a home or building as they don’t have the same water needs as German roaches.
- Oriental Cockroach - Often called a “waterbug,” these roaches are big, and can grow up to two inches. They prefer cooler, moist places, so you’re more likely to find them in the bathroom cooling off against the ceramic tub or hiding underneath the kitchen sink. They’re also commonly found in basements and storage areas near pipes.
Most Common Roaches in Homes and Suburban Spaces
Although German and brown-banded cockroaches can still be found in suburban homes, there are different species that usually plague homeowners. Other species of cockroaches that have evolved to live outside dwell in outdoor areas, but are likely to seek refuge in houses when the weather is too hot or cold, or when they require food.
- American Cockroach - These bugs are large, up to two inches in length, and reddish-brown in color. They’re often found on the first floors of homes in or near cities, or suburban areas. This type of roach actually prefers to live in sewers, but when the weather becomes too hot or food is scarce they climb out from drains and sewage gates and infest homes.
- Smoky Brown Cockroach - The smoky brown roaches look almost exactly like American cockroaches, except that these are a dark color, almost black. They normally don’t live inside homes, but sometimes end up nesting in outdoor equipment or firewood that gets brought inside during the winter.
Exterminators for Every Type of Cockroach
Whether you live in a home or a building, Commonwealth Exterminators can help. Serving VA families for over 35 years, we’re familiar with the types of pests that invade homes and have the right tools to get rid of your pest problem, once and for all.